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Greece: The new economic measures of the government. The government is taking new economic measures in an effort to address its failure to manage the country's economic situation due to the effects of the pandemic.
As it seems, based on the announcements of Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and the Ministry of Finance, there will be an Issuance of 3rd round of Repayable Advance in August, taking into account the fall in the turnover of companies in June and July.
This round will also include sole proprietorships without employees and without cash registers, which belong to the tourism industry. At the initiative of the shadow minister of Immigration Policy Giorgos Psychogiou and the signatures of a total of 35 SYRIZA MPs, a question was submitted to the Minister of Immigration and Asylum Notis Mitarakis on the important issue that has arisen from the Government's decision to force the hosted refugees to leave their accommodation within 30 days of the positive decision on their request, without providing them with any support at all.
Spasovski noted that another very important stage in the process of the country's accession to the European Union has been successfully achieved.
The framework of the road that brings North Macedonia even closer to its accession to the Union has been defined. Serbia: State of Emergency declared in Belgrade.
A state of emergency has been declared in Belgrade today due to the deteriorating epidemiological situation. The state of emergency was announced during a meeting of the municipal committee to deal with the crisis.
Referring to Weber: Germany and France are ready to assist in the Pristina-Belgrade dialogue. We explicitly support the Special Representative in this regard, and together with France, we are ready to offer assistance, if necessary", Weber said in an interview with Pobjeda in Pontgorica.
He also stressed that EU Cyprus: Reduction of unemployment in June compared to May, dramatic increase compared to June Greece: Dendias and Christodoulides discuss Turkey in Athens.
Slovenia: President Pahor on an official visit to Hungary. Politics Main political developments from all the countries. The head of the Cypriot delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly To support the drafting of the new Police Development Politics EC calls on Croatia to improve the protection against pollution legal framework.
The European Commission is asking Croatia to correctly enact into Politics Greece: The new economic measures of the government.
Explore News stories and special reports from the Balkan countries. Interview with B. Interview with R. Opinion: Isolation, confusion and Pekingese barking.
Opinion: Three pathways for the economy to follow: The wrong one, the problematic and the strategic one. Zeus injured Typhon with a thunder bolt and Typhon's blood fell on the mountains, from which they got their name.
The earliest mention of the name appears in an early 14th-century Arab map, in which the Haemus mountains are referred to as Balkan.
English traveler John Morritt introduced this term into the English literature at the end of the 18th-century, and other authors started applying the name to the wider area between the Adriatic and the Black Sea.
The concept of the "Balkans" was created by the German geographer August Zeune in ,  who mistakenly considered it as the dominant central mountain system of Southeast Europe spanning from the Adriatic Sea to the Black Sea.
Among Russian travelers not so burdened by classical toponymy, Balkan was the preferred term". The term was not commonly used in geographical literature until the midth century because already then scientists like Carl Ritter warned that only the part South of the Balkan Mountains can be considered as a peninsula and considered it to be renamed as "Greek peninsula".
Other prominent geographers who didn't agree with Zeune were Hermann Wagner , Theobald Fischer , Marion Newbigin , Albrecht Penck , while Austrian diplomat Johann Georg von Hahn in for the same territory used the term Südostereuropäische Halbinsel "Southeasterneuropean peninsula".
Another reason it was not commonly accepted as the definition of then European Turkey had a similar land extent. However, after the Congress of Berlin there was a political need for a new term and gradually the Balkans was revitalized, but in the maps the northern border was in Serbia and Montenegro without Greece it only depicted the Ottoman occupied parts of Europe , while Yugoslavian maps also included Croatia and Bosnia.
The term Balkan Peninsula was a synonym for European Turkey, the political borders of former Ottoman Empire provinces.
In part due to the historical and political connotations of the term "Balkans",  especially since the military conflicts of the s in Yugoslavia in the western half of the region, the term " Southeast Europe " is becoming increasingly popular.
Its northern boundary is often given as the Danube , Sava and Kupa Rivers. It is more or less identical to the region known as Southeast Europe.
The current territory of Italy includes only the small area around Trieste inside the Balkan Peninsula. However, the regions of Trieste and Istria are not usually considered part of the Balkans by Italian geographers, due to their definition of the Balkans that limits its western border to the Kupa River.
The term "the Balkans" is used more generally for the region; it includes states in the region, which may extend beyond the peninsula, and is not defined by the geography of the peninsula itself.
The term Southeast Europe is also used for the region, with various definitions. Turkey, often including its European territory, is also included in Western or Southwestern Asia.
Western Balkans is a political neologism coined to refer to Albania and the territory of the former Yugoslavia , except Slovenia , since the early s.
The institutions of the European Union have generally used the term "Western Balkans" to mean the Balkan area that includes countries that are not members of the European Union, while others refer to the geographical aspects.
The term is criticized for having a geopolitical, rather than a geographical meaning and definition, as a multiethnic and political area in the southeastern part of Europe.
Croatian geographers and academics are highly critical of inclusion of Croatia within the broad geographical, social-political and historical context of the Balkans, while the neologism Western Balkans is perceived as a humiliation of Croatia by the European political powers.
This very alibi confronts us with the first of many paradoxes concerning Balkan: its geographic delimitation was never precise. It is as if one can never receive a definitive answer to the question, "Where does it begin?
For Croats, it begins with the Orthodox, despotic, Byzantine Serbia, against which Croatia defends the values of democratic Western civilization.
For Slovenes, it begins with Croatia, and we Slovenes are the last outpost of the peaceful Mitteleuropa. For Italians and Austrians, it begins with Slovenia, where the reign of the Slavic hordes starts.
For Germans, Austria itself, on account of its historic connections, is already tainted by the Balkanic corruption and inefficiency.
For some arrogant Frenchmen, Germany is associated with the Balkanian Eastern savagery—up to the extreme case of some conservative anti-European-Union Englishmen for whom, in an implicit way, it is ultimately the whole of continental Europe itself that functions as a kind of Balkan Turkish global empire with Brussels as the new Constantinople, the capricious despotic center threatening English freedom and sovereignty.
So Balkan is always the Other: it lies somewhere else, always a little bit more to the southeast, with the paradox that, when we reach the very bottom of the Balkan peninsula, we again magically escape Balkan.
Greece is no longer Balkan proper, but the cradle of our Western civilization. Most of the area is covered by mountain ranges running from the northwest to southeast.
The karst field or polje is a common feature of the landscape. On the Adriatic and Aegean coasts the climate is Mediterranean , on the Black Sea coast the climate is humid subtropical and oceanic , and inland it is humid continental.
In the northern part of the peninsula and on the mountains, winters are frosty and snowy, while summers are hot and dry.
In the southern part winters are milder. The humid continental climate is predominant in Bosnia and Herzegovina, northern Croatia, Bulgaria, Kosovo , northern Montenegro, the Republic of North Macedonia, the interior of Albania and Serbia , while the other, less common climates, the humid subtropical and oceanic climates, are seen on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria and Balkan Turkey European Turkey ; and the Mediterranean climate is seen on the coast of Albania, the coast of Croatia, Greece, southern Montenegro and the Aegean coast of Balkan Turkey European Turkey.
Over the centuries forests have been cut down and replaced with bush. In the southern part and on the coast there is evergreen vegetation.
Inland there are woods typical of Central Europe oak and beech , and in the mountains, spruce , fir and pine.
The land provides habitats for numerous endemic species, including extraordinarily abundant insects and reptiles that serve as food for a variety of birds of prey and rare vultures.
The soils are generally poor, except on the plains , where areas with natural grass, fertile soils and warm summers provide an opportunity for tillage.
Elsewhere, land cultivation is mostly unsuccessful because of the mountains, hot summers and poor soils, although certain cultures such as olive and grape flourish.
Resources of energy are scarce, except in Kosovo , where considerable coal , lead , zinc , chromium and silver deposits are located.
Lignite deposits are widespread in Greece. Petroleum scarce reserves exist in Greece, Serbia and Albania. Natural gas deposits are scarce.
Hydropower is in wide use, from over 1, dams. The often relentless bora wind is also being harnessed for power generation. Metal ores are more usual than other raw materials.
Iron ore is rare, but in some countries there is a considerable amount of copper, zinc, tin , chromite , manganese , magnesite and bauxite.
Some metals are exported. The Balkan region was the first area in Europe to experience the arrival of farming cultures in the Neolithic era.
The Balkans have been inhabited since the Paleolithic and are the route by which farming from the Middle East spread to Europe during the Neolithic 7th millennium BC.
The Balkans are also the location of the first advanced civilizations. The identity of the Balkans is dominated by its geographical position; historically the area was known as a crossroads of cultures.
It has been a juncture between the Latin and Greek bodies of the Roman Empire , the destination of a massive influx of pagan Bulgars and Slavs , an area where Orthodox and Catholic Christianity met,  as well as the meeting point between Islam and Christianity.
In pre-classical and classical antiquity , this region was home to Greeks , Illyrians , Paeonians , Thracians , Dacians , and other ancient groups.
The Achaemenid Persian Empire incorporated parts of the Balkans comprising Macedonia , Thrace , Bulgaria , and the Black Sea coastal region of Romania between the late 6th and the first half of the 5th-century BC into its territories.
By the end of the 16th-century, the Ottoman Empire had become the controlling force in the region after expanding from Anatolia through Thrace to the Balkans.
Many people in the Balkans place their greatest folk heroes in the era of either the onslaught or the retreat of the Ottoman Empire.
In the past several centuries, because of the frequent Ottoman wars in Europe fought in and around the Balkans and the comparative Ottoman isolation from the mainstream of economic advance reflecting the shift of Europe's commercial and political centre of gravity towards the Atlantic , the Balkans has been the least developed part of Europe.
This estimate is based on Ottoman documentary evidence. Most of the Balkan nation-states emerged during the 19th and early 20th centuries as they gained independence from the Ottoman Empire or the Austro-Hungarian empire: Greece in , Serbia, Montenegro in , Romania in , Bulgaria in and Albania in As a result of the war, almost all remaining European territories of the Ottoman Empire were captured and partitioned among the allies.
Ensuing events also led to the creation of an independent Albanian state. Bulgaria insisted on its status quo territorial integrity, divided and shared by the Great Powers next to the Russo-Turkish War —78 in other boundaries and on the pre-war Bulgarian-Serbian agreement.
Bulgaria was provoked by the backstage deals between its former allies, Serbia and Greece, on the allocation of the spoils at the end of the First Balkan War.
At the time, Bulgaria was fighting at the main Thracian Front. Bulgaria marks the beginning of Second Balkan War when it attacked them.
The Serbs and the Greeks repulsed single attacks, but when the Greek army invaded Bulgaria together with an unprovoked Romanian intervention in the back, Bulgaria collapsed.
The Ottoman Empire used the opportunity to recapture Eastern Thrace , establishing its new western borders that still stand today as part of modern Turkey.
That caused a war between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, which—through the existing chains of alliances —led to the First World War.
The Ottoman Empire soon joined the Central Powers becoming one of the three empires participating in that alliance. The next year Bulgaria joined the Central Powers attacking Serbia, which was successfully fighting Austro-Hungary to the north for a year.
That led to Serbia's defeat and the intervention of the Entente in the Balkans which sent an expeditionary force to establish a new front , the third one of that war, which soon also became static.
The participation of Greece in the war three years later, in , on the part of the Entente finally altered the balance between the opponents leading to the collapse of the common German-Bulgarian front there, which caused the exit of Bulgaria from the war, and in turn the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, ending the First World War.
With the start of the Second World War , all Balkan countries, with the exception of Greece, were allies of Nazi Germany , having bilateral military agreements or being part of the Axis Pact.
Fascist Italy expanded the war in the Balkans by using its protectorate Albania to invade Greece. After repelling the attack, the Greeks counterattacked, invading Italy-held Albania and causing Nazi Germany's intervention in the Balkans to help its ally.
Although the new government reaffirmed Serbia's intentions to fulfill its obligations as a member of the Axis,  Germany, with Bulgaria, invaded both Greece and Yugoslavia.
Yugoslavia immediately disintegrated when those loyal to the Serbian King and the Croatian units mutinied. The two countries were partitioned between the three Axis allies, Bulgaria, Germany and Italy, and the Independent State of Croatia , a puppet state of Italy and Germany.
During the occupation the population suffered considerable hardship due to repression and starvation, to which the population reacted by creating a mass resistance movement.
Finally, at the end of , the Soviets entered Romania and Bulgaria forcing the Germans out of the Balkans. They left behind a region largely ruined as a result of wartime exploitation.
During the Cold War , most of the countries on the Balkans were governed by communist governments.
Greece became the first battleground of the emerging Cold War. The Truman Doctrine was the US response to the civil war , which raged from to This civil war, unleashed by the Communist Party of Greece , backed by communist volunteers from neighboring countries Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia , led to massive American assistance for the non-communist Greek government.
With this backing, Greece managed to defeat the partisans and, ultimately, remained the only non-communist country in the region.
However, despite being under communist governments, Yugoslavia and Albania fell out with the Soviet Union. Yugoslavia, led by Marshal Josip Broz Tito — , first propped up then rejected the idea of merging with Bulgaria and instead sought closer relations with the West, later even spearheaded, together with India and Egypt the Non-Aligned Movement.
Albania on the other hand gravitated toward Communist China , later adopting an isolationist position. As the only non-communist countries, Greece and Turkey were and still are part of NATO composing the southeastern wing of the alliance.
In the s, the transition of the regions' ex-Eastern bloc countries towards democratic free-market societies went peacefully. While in the non-aligned Yugoslavia , Wars between the former Yugoslav republics broke out after Slovenia and Croatia held free elections and their people voted for independence on their respective countries' referenda.
Serbia in turn declared the dissolution of the union as unconstitutional and the Yugoslavian army unsuccessfully tried to maintain status quo.
In the ensuing 10 years armed confrontation, gradually all the other Republics declared independence, with Bosnia being the most affected by the fighting.
From the dissolution of Yugoslavia six republics achieved international recognition as sovereign republics, but these are traditionally included in Balkans: Slovenia , Croatia , Bosnia and Herzegovina , North Macedonia , Montenegro and Serbia.
In , while under UN administration, Kosovo declared independence according to the official Serbian policy, Kosovo is still an internal autonomous region.
In July , the International Court of Justice , ruled that the declaration of independence was legal.
With the dissolution of Yugoslavia an issue emerged over the name under which the former federated republic of Macedonia would internationally be recognized, between the new country and Greece.
Being the Macedonian part of Yugoslavia see Vardar Macedonia , the federated Republic under the Yugoslav identity had the name Republic of Macedonia on which it declared its sovereignty in Greece, having a large region see Macedonia also under the same name opposed to the usage of this name as an indication of a nationality.
The issue was resolved under UN mediation and the Prespa agreement was reached, which saw the country's renaming into North Macedonia.
Greece has been a member of the European Union since while Slovenia is a member since , Bulgaria and Romania are members since , and Croatia is a member since In , the European Union decided to start accession negotiations with candidate countries; Turkey , and North Macedonia were accepted as candidates for EU membership.
In , Montenegro started accession negotiations with the EU. In , Albania is an official candidate for accession to the EU. In , Serbia was expected to start accession negotiations with the EU, however this process has been stalled over the recognition of Kosovo as an independent state by existing EU member states.
Montenegro joined in June Currently all of the states are republics, but until World War II all countries were monarchies.
Most of the republics are parliamentary , excluding Romania and Bosnia which are semi-presidential. The states from the former Eastern Bloc that formerly had planned economy system and Turkey mark gradual economic growth each year, only the economy of Greece drops for and meanwhile it was expected to grow in See also the Black Sea regional organizations.
The region is inhabited by Albanians , Aromanians , Bulgarians , Bosniaks , Croats , Gorani , Greeks , Macedonians , Montenegrins , Serbs , Slovenes , Romanians , Turks , and other ethnic groups which present minorities in certain countries like the Romani and Ashkali.
A part of the population in the Balkans defines itself as irreligious. The Jewish communities of the Balkans were some of the oldest in Europe and date back to ancient times.
The Sephardi Jewish cemetery in Sarajevo has tombstones of a unique shape and inscribed in ancient Ladino. Almost all of the few survivors have emigrated to the then newly founded state of Israel and elsewhere.
Almost no Balkan country today has a significant Jewish minority. The Balkan region today is a very diverse ethno-linguistic region, being home to multiple Slavic and Romance languages , as well as Albanian , Greek , Turkish , and others.
Romani is spoken by a large portion of the Romanis living throughout the Balkan countries.
Throughout history many other ethnic groups with their own languages lived in the area, among them Thracians , Illyrians , Romans , Celts and various Germanic tribes.
All of the aforementioned languages from the present and from the past belong to the wider Indo-European language family, with the exception of the Turkic languages e.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Geopolitical and cultural region of Southeast Europe. For other uses, see Balkan disambiguation.
Main article: Southeast Europe. Further information: Western Balkans Summit, Vienna. Main article: History of the Balkans.
Main article: Languages of the Balkans. Further information: Balkan sprachbund. Geopolitics, Geography and Strategy.
Retrieved 10 November Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 13 December Schaefer Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society.
Tomic Balkan Sprachbund Morpho-Syntactic Features. Imagining the Balkans. Encarta World English Dictionary. Microsoft Corporation.
Archived from the original on 10 January Retrieved 31 March Türk Dil Kurumu.41 Abonnenten, folgen, 8 Beiträge - Sieh dir Instagram-Fotos und -Videos von Balkan Sport Info (@balkansportinfo) an. Update zu COVIDSehenswürdigkeiten sind unter Umständen ganz oder teilweise geschlossen, um die Verbreitung des Coronavirus einzudämmen. Online-Einkauf von Bücher aus großartigem Angebot von Sport allgemein, Fitness & Kraftsport, Laufen & Leichtathletik, Wandern. Virchow, Fabian (): Militär und Sport - Symbiotische Beziehungen um Nation Volle, Angelika / Wolfgang Wagner (Hrsg.): Der Krieg auf dem Balkan.